Introduced to Australia in the nineteenth century, the European Goldfinch is one of only two 'true finches' in Australia. It has a red face, with a black crown and shoulders. The sides of the head are white. The upper parts and flanks are brown, the abdomen and rump are white. The black wings have conspicuous yellow bars and a white trailing edge in flight. The tail is black, tipped with white. Females are similar to males but have a less red face. Juveniles have a brown head and streaked body plumage.